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Species guide

Comber

Scientific name: Serranus cabrilla

DESCRIPTION:

The comber is a fish with nine vettical reddish bands and three yellow longitudinal bands. The colour of the belly ranges from grey to white and its lips are long and highly marked.
Its maximum size is 15 a 20 cm.

BIOLOGY:

The comber is a solitary, highly territorial fish. It protects its territory in small holes and cavities, facing intruders until they are 20 cm away or closer. Then it retreats and turns and faces them once more.
It feeds on worms, crustaceans and small fish, so it is carnivorous.

It is an oviparous hermaphrodite and lays between 20,000 and 100,000 eggs. Spawning occurs in spring or early summer, depending on factors such as the temperature of the water and the depth.

HABITAT:

These are benthonic fish (in contact with the bed). Highly frequent in areas with rocks and precipices, stony beds and in meadows of Neptune grass. It may be at depths of 5 to 100 m, although normally it is around 50 m.

DISTRIBUTION:

It is found in the Mediterranean and the eastern Atlantic.

STATUS:

Species not evaluated (according to the red list of threatened species).

CURIOSITIES:

This is a true hermaphrodite, where the ovules and sperm mature simultaneously, allowing internal fertilisation.