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Species guide

Oriental fire-bellied toad

Scientific name: Bombina orientalis

DESCRIPTION:

The oriental fire-bellied toad has rough skin with short spines and bright colours, and is able to excrete a highly irritating milky substance from its mouth and eyes to defend itself from predators. Its body is round and its limbs short. The front limbs have 4 fingers and the rear 5. It has large eyes that stand out above its head.

It is normally between 4 and 5 cm long. BIOLOGY:

These amphibia are more active during the day; however, in the reproductive time, at night, they can croak with a song that reminds us of an owl.

It is a carnivorous animal that eats small invertebrates such as insects, worms, spiders, etc.
After the rainy season, the males go to the wells and make their characteristic calls. They have internal fertilisation and the eggs hatch 8 or 9 days after they are laid.

HABITAT:

This toad lives in lakes, rice paddies and mountain streams.

DISTRIBUTION:

It is found in the southeast of Liberia to the northeast of China and Korea.

STATUS:

Species not evaluated (according to the red list of endangered species).

CURIOSITIES:

If they are threatened and unable to escape, they adopt a very curious posture that consists of stretching out on the ground and raising their 4 limbs to show their belly.