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Species guide

Painted comber

Scientific name: Serranus scriba

DESCRIPTION:

The painted comber is a fish with an intricate, characteristic blue and red drawing on its head. The adults have a bright blue stain on their belly.

Its maximum size is 25 cm.

BIOLOGY:

This is a highly territorial, solitary fish that defends its space from its companions of the same species.
It preferably feeds on small fish and crustaceans and is therefore a carnivore.

It is an oviparous species. During the gestation, from May to August, thus species may be seen in couples. In the event of danger the animals flee to safe hiding places. This is a true hermaphrodite, where the ovules and sperm mature simultaneously, allowing internal fertilisation. It fixes its eggs to the stones.

HABITAT:

It lives on rocky beds covered in algae and marine meadows, from the surface waters to depths of 30 m.

DISTRIBUTION:

It is found in the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, the western Atlantic to the Bay of Biscay.

STATUS:

Species not evaluated (according to the red list of threatened species).

CURIOSITIES: 
This fish is also called a scribe due to the drawing on its head, which reminds us of Arab writing.