MAximum length


65 cm





Actividad diurna


Penguins are birds that have lost their ability to fly and have their wings transformed into fins to be able to swim, which is why in antiquity they were thought to be fish. They have thick layers of fat that repel the water and insulate them from the cold. They also have a thick layer of feathers amongst which they hold warm air from their body heat. The fact that they have light bellies and dark backs is a camouflage system to allow them to blend in with the sunlight or the darkness of the bed when they are in the water. Young Humboldt penguins have silver colored bellies, whereas adults have white bellies with an arched black strip. These birds nest in small colonies and build their nests in caves or holes. It lives on rocky coasts and islands with cliffs.

They feed on fish, squid and small crustaceans that form part of the plankton. When they dive, the Humboldt penguins reach depths of 70 m and swim at 45 km/h. Penguins are monogamous animals, that is, they form stable couples. They have a single partner they preserve throughout their lives, building nests and laying 2 eggs they incubate for 6 weeks.

Interesting facts

They alternate between underwater and surface swimming for 20 seconds each and their average speed is 4, 5 km/h. 

The sounds made by penguins remind us of donkeys calling.


Conservation status

Conservation status